The recent agitation by Jats in Haryana seeking reservation has once again led spark to the debate on the reservation in India. Even the well-off communities like Patels, Jats have started asking for reservation, so the question is Why reservation?
In 1982, the constitution granted 15% jobs in public sector to SC and 7.5% to ST candidates, which initially started as a temporary practice for 5 years, was extended by governments regularly. As an order from Supreme Court, the reservation shall not exceed 50% or it will violate equal rights as promised by the constitution of India.
The Constitution of India states in article 16(4): “Nothing in [article 16] or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provisions for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 46 of the Constitution states that “The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation”.
The article supports reservation to uplift the underprivileged classes, but this has been used by Politicians in the country to increase their vote bank and the leaders of such political parties supporting the reservation have been winning seats by promising some castes and communities to use it for their benefit.
The current situation of the reservation is that Schedule castes amounts for 15% quota, Scheduled Tribe – 7.5%, Other Backward class- 27%, which adds upto 49.5% in total.
There is reservation in Schools, Colleges & Public sector Jobs, due to which a huge talent pool is lost, and that sometimes results in Brain Drain- a major concern.
So, the question today that people ask is Do we really need reservation? If yes, then Why, Where and How?
Yes, we need the reservation as oppression of particular castes & communities still exists in some parts of the country, mostly in interiors and to uplift their economic condition it is needed.
So reservation shall be selective, on the basis of regions – particular state or district that has a large population of particular community facing oppression.
Most importantly, reservation shall also be done on the basis of economic condition of the CITIZENS OF INDIA and not particularly for any caste or community. People below poverty line cannot afford education and even if they are talented they do not get opportunities to prove them and enhance their economic standard.
The system needs to be revived from time to time, a country cannot live on the constitutional laws made 60 years back and amended as per the needs of politicians to use it for their benefits.
No Nation can develop when the leaders look for their personal benefits and do not work in favor of the country. Governments should focus on providing quality education to all and focus on generating more jobs for the future generations and promise unbiased and equal opportunities.
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