The Flipped classroom is a new technology in education blending online material into the traditional classroom model. It is a new pedagogy in which typical homework and lecture materials are replaced by short video lectures. It helps the students to view these sessions at home and make class room discussions more lively and interactive through debates and problem solving sessions. All lectures can be viewed online both at home and class that increases confidence and learning among students. It creates an opportunity for differentiated roles to meet the needs of students through variety of instructional activities. Students can view same lecture video number of times and understand it properly that gives them greater ownership over their learning.
Flipped classroom includes opportunity for students to gain first exposure prior to class, focus more on in-class cognitive activities, learn to correct misconceptions and organize new knowledge in such a manner that it is more accessible for future use. It provides a mechanism of feedback cycle as the teacher is always available to guide students what they have learnt online. Flipped technique is used in variety of ways- online classroom experience, full time virtual schools, or some version of digital learning in traditional brick-and-mortar schools. It leads to metacognition associated with deep learning.
Lecture videos can be either created by the instructor and posted online or selected from an online repository. During class sessions faculty serves as an advisor to students who are ready with knowledge of podcasted lecture videos so as to involve class more into collaborative effort, projects and workshops. Here the students have full liberty to rewind, stop and rerun a lecture as per choice giving more freedom to one-to-one teaching as in class, some portions may be missed due to unclear concepts. Preparing a lecture video is however an additional task for a faculty requiring new skills. It is enabling students to not only cover study material but also master it.
There is no unique and exact model for flipped classroom as it can be any class arrangement providing pre-recorded lectures followed by assignments and activities. After viewing one or series of short lecture videos, online quizzes or assignments can also be conducted to test what students have learnt online as then the student can immediately rerun the video after test and correct doubts based on online results. However flipped technique is still lacking in areas having poor internet access or schools and colleges of low income and less facilities implying currently its adapted and most effective only in private or upper-income suburban schools and colleges. But gradually with everything going online, flipped classroom pedagogy will be the most widely adapted one throughout the globe as education then will not be limited to classroom teaching but accessed online from anywhere, anytime as per student’s convenience.
Ms. Palak Gupta